Arthritis … symptoms, causes, and treatment

Arthritis is inflammation of the joints of the body and can occur in one or more joints of the body.

Arthritis causes difficulty in movement and prevents a person from comfortably performing their daily activities, and the inflammation can be very severe, so it becomes difficult for them to move fully and the patient experiences severe chronic pain. Arthritis is one of the common illnesses that affects everyone, young and old. Arthritis is not age specific, it can affect a person in childhood or youth, but it is more common in older people. It is a chronic condition, due to the difficulty in treating it, so arthritis treatment may take long periods of time until full recovery.

There are many kinds of joint disease, including arthritis caused by rheumatoid disease, arthritis caused by rheumatism, bacterial arthritis, arthritis caused by gout, arthritis caused by lupus, and inflammation caused by osteoarthritis.

Causes of arthritis

There are many reasons and factors that cause a person to develop arthritis, and these are:

Aging:

As those who suffer from arthritis develop after the age of forty, as the bones become less strong, and become brittle due to a lack of calcium, vitamins and minerals in the body, which affects directly the joints. Therefore, it is necessary to take precautions and take the necessary vitamins after the age of forty to maintain calcium and vitamins in the body.

Heredity:

People with a family history of arthritis can also develop arthritis at a young age.

Sex:

Women have more joint inflammation than men, especially after the end of the menstrual cycle, because women are exposed to a change in hormones, in addition to pregnancy and lactation, they greatly affect calcium and vitamins in a woman’s body, which causes her arthritis.

Weight gain:

Being overweight also puts pressure on the bones and joints, which causes inflammation in the joints. And also exposing the joints to severe stress, such as vigorous sports, standing for long periods of time, or carrying heavy objects.

Symptoms of arthritis

Patients constantly feel tired and exhausted and experience high temperatures, especially in women over 40. In addition, the inability to move well and the feeling of severe pain in the joints when moving or standing for long periods of time, and as the condition progresses, the patient experiences very severe pain in the joints even in position. sitting without making any effort. You also experience strong joint pain during the change of seasons and the change of weather, in particular, and this usually increases joint pain in the winter, as the cold weather causes the joints to be inflexible and increase their swelling. You also feel severe pain in the area around the joint, and that area is patchy red; The more inflammation there is in the joint, the more redness will appear in the surrounding area. The patient also experienced severe pain and stiffness in the swollen joint upon awakening in the morning, and the feeling of this stiffness decreased after movement. Some types of arthritis cause a rash on the skin, but it’s not very common. Finally, the patient presents with swelling and redness of the joint, especially during violent activities with the hands or feet, such as opening the cap of a tightly closed bottle, carrying heavy objects or prolonged standing on the feet.

Treatment of arthritis

Arthritis is treated by taking medicines and medical preparations that help reduce the disease and its swelling, and this type of medicine is only taken under the supervision of a doctor to determine the patient’s condition and dose required. Treatment is also done by painting the joints with ointments that help relieve pain, and the bones and joints. The patient can also use cold and hot water compresses. Cold water helps reduce joint swelling, and hot water helps relax muscles and joints, thereby relieving pain.