Breast cancer .. signs, symptoms, and prevention

Cancer has been called malignant because it is often not accompanied by external signs when it appears.

That is why we must always detect the disease early and thereby increase the cure rate to 92%. When it comes to breast cancer, every woman in the world is at risk of developing breast cancer, which is the world’s second most dangerous and deadly disease.

Definition of breast cancer

cancer cells can enter surrounding body tissues through blood or blood vessels.

As for the breast, it is made up of lobes and fibrous tissue, fat with muscle layers, and ribs at the base. Breast cancer affects the tissues of the breast and the surrounding tissues, as well as the muscles in the chest that connect the breast to the ribs, as well as the lymph nodes under the arm that are connected to the breast.

Causes of breast cancer

1 – Old age

Breast cancer is spreading in women over 40, and it also affects young people, and this is what we are seeing now, as the disease has started to spread significantly in women under the age of. 30 years, due to the pollution we are currently experiencing and eating unhealthy food.

2- genetic factor

The risk of breast cancer in a woman whose mother, sister or a loved one has had a disease increases 2-4 times. Having two or more parents who had ovarian cancer increases the risk of developing the disease.

3 – Previous illness

A woman who has had the disease increases her risk of developing cancer of the other breast within 20 years.

4- Date of the menstrual cycle

Having an early period, that is, before 12 years old, in addition to a delayed menopause after 55 years, increases the risk of developing the disease.

5- Late pregnancy

Late at the age of 30 or not having children.

6- Infection with benign breast tumors

The risk of developing the disease increases in women who have had breast polyps in the past because they are more likely to develop breast cancer.

7 – Breast changes

The presence of abnormal changes in breast tissue such as atypical hyperplasia leads to the possibility of developing the disease.

8- Exposure to radiotherapy

The chest has been exposed to radiation therapy, such as radiation therapy.

9 – Contraceptives

The use of some oral contraceptives results in a slight increase in exposure to the disease.

Signs of breast cancer

Breast that feels warm to the touch because high breast temperature is a symptom of cancerous inflammation, and it is a dangerous and rare type.
Inverted or flat nipple, or narrowing of the nipple and the appearance of cracks or change in color.
3- The urge to constantly scratch the breast.

4- The presence of a lump in the breast and it is usually not painful, and it can be an external mass, that is to say prominent or visible, and it can be invisible but noticeable internal when you press the breast, we therefore recommend that you do a self-examination every month to find invisible tumors.

5- Exotic secretions from the nipple, whether it is bloody secretions or secretions not mixed with blood.

6- Swollen lymph nodes in the armpit.

7- Pain sometimes localized in the breast, although malignant diseases are not accompanied by pain.

8- The appearance of blisters or a change in the shape of the skin surrounding the nipple, which becomes like an orange peel, so women think this is related to their excess fat.

9- Swelling of the breasts at normal times, not during the menstrual period.

10- Redness of the breasts or appearance of red spots on the breast.


Experts advise you to do a breast self-exam once a month, about 5 days before your period and after menopause. You can do this test once during the first month of every month, but if you are taking the birth control pill, this test should be done on the first day you start taking these pills to make sure there is no no change in the shape of the breast. This exam lasts about 10 minutes and is very simple and easy to perform. A large number of young women feel that they do not need such an exam because of their young age, which is a misconception.

How to conduct a self-examination

1- Touch with the fingers of your left hand, the right breast, continue to feel the breast with circular movements to make sure that there is no lump or lump under the armpits. Be sure to use the same movement for each self-test you attempt.

2- Repeat the same process for the left breast, using the right hand.

3- Repeat the same examination standing, one hand behind the shoulder while examining each breast The sitting or standing position allows you to feel the breast more precisely.

4- Stand in front of the mirror and gently press on the nipple to make sure there are no secretions.

5- You can perform the same exam in the shower, because the soap makes it easier to detect tumors or any changes in the breast

6- Try to do a monthly breast self-exam at the same time.

Always remember to do a self-examination, and if you suspect any changes in the breast, do not hesitate to consult your doctor, even if it seems straightforward to you, to determine the appropriate method of detection, whether by mammogram or x-ray. It is one of the most important examination methods that detect 100% disease, either by ultrasound or by imaging the milk ducts of the breast, which is often used when there are strange secretions coming from the nipple, or by magnetic resonance.

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