Coronary insufficiency is a serious heart disease that affects women. The coronary artery is one of the main arteries in the heart because it supplies the heart muscle with the correct amount of blood that the muscle needs. And it helps nourish the heart with oxygen and nutrients.
The coronary arteries start from the aorta inside the heart, and there are two types of coronary arteries, the right coronary artery and the left coronary artery. And when one of the coronary arteries is exposed to deterioration, defect or impairment of its vital functions, it causes severe damage to the heart muscle, and then many serious complications arise in the patient. Through the following lines, learn with us dearest about coronary artery disease, its causes and symptoms, so follow us.
What is coronary artery disease?
Coronary artery disease is joining the list of dangerous heart diseases because it is one of the most serious serious diseases in the United States of America, and more than 13 million Americans suffer from it. And according to what they describe as America’s deadliest disease. Coronary artery disease affects humans when the coronary arteries harden or become blocked, which in turn supply the heart muscle with oxygen and nutrients and provide it with blood. And hardening of the arteries occurs as a result of the accumulation of many platelets saturated with cholesterol, with the presence of many fatty deposits, which reduces blood flow to the heart.
Causes of coronary heart disease
One of the serious complications caused by obesity is that it is a leading cause of coronary heart disease. This is because the amount of fat and fat that accumulates in the body causes significant hardening of the arteries. Like fatty and fatty substances form deposits on the walls of blood vessels. There are also chemicals that build up on the walls causing fats and these substances to form the hard platelet material that causes the blood to clot and clot. This leads to a buildup in the damaged part of the vessel wall. Here, narrowing of blood circulation and blockage of blood vessels occurs.
2- smoke a lot
Smoking is one of the habits that is very harmful to human health, but one of the most harmful is that it is one of the main causes of coronary heart disease. This is because the tobacco substance contained in cigarettes is sufficient to cause inflammation of the cells that travel in the blood. This inflammation causes clogging and hardening of the arteries and narrowing of the blood vessels that carry blood to the heart. Ultimately, it leads to coronary heart failure by supplying the heart muscle with sufficient amount of blood.
3- High blood pressure and diabetes
The causes and factors that increase the risk of developing coronary artery disease include high blood pressure and high blood sugar. They both harden the arteries and reduce blood flow to the heart muscle.
Symptoms of coronary heart disease
Inability to breathe: There are many symptoms and signs associated with coronary artery disease, the most prominent of which is severe shortness of breath, a feeling of suffocation, with an intolerable pain sensation in the chest area, and this is the result fluid buildup in the lungs.
Sudden fainting: Symptoms that indicate coronary artery disease are exposure to sudden fainting and exposure to a sudden heart attack. This greatly increases sweating, especially during light physical exertion.
Swelling of the body: Signs that also occur as a result of blocked arteries and weak heart muscle are swelling and enlargement of parts of the body such as the hands and feet.
Treat coronary artery disease
There are many ways to treat coronary heart disease with medication and prescription drugs. Among the most important is the abuse of aspirin, which is an anti-platelet aggregation on the walls of blood vessels, which reduces the incidence of heart attacks by 34%.
Treatment with inhibitors
Among the drug treatments that also benefit the coronary patient are taking inhibitors, including beta-inhibitors, which are most beneficial for patients with angina, or S-inhibitors, which in turn improve cardiac efficiency, reduce muscle hypertrophy and at the same time reduce arteriosclerosis.